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Mood Swings
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Mood Swings

Did you know?

Women who experienced PMS or postpartum depression are more likely to experience mood swings during menopause.

Not only can menopause prompt uncomfortable physical symptoms, but it can also turn a woman's emotions into a pendulum, prompting moderate to severe mood swings. Menopause is a time of significant hormonal changes, and these changes, typically occurring in women between the ages of 45 and 55, can affect emotional stability. More than 50% of women experience mood swings as they approach menopause. Fortunately, there are effective ways to manage menopausal mood swings.

Continue reading to learn all about mood swings, their causes, risk factors, extreme cases, and treatment options.

What are Mood Swings

About Mood Swings

Mood swings are defined as extreme or abrupt fluctuations in mood. During mood swing episodes, people often experience drastic shifts in their emotional state. The term "mood swing" is often used to describe an emotional reaction that is inappropriate or disproportionate in relation to its cause or trigger.

During menopause, women commonly experience mood swings because their hormones, which regulate mood and emotions, are thrown off balance. While this is a common and normal symptom of menopause, it can negatively impact your personal and professional relationships.

It is often helpful for women going through mood swings to understand the symptoms of this condition. Keep reading to learn more about how mood swings can manifest during menopause.

Symptoms of mood swings

Because each woman has her own unique way of managing her emotions, stress, and her environment, all women experience the symptoms of mood swings differently. However, many symptoms of mood swings are common among women going through menopause.

Did you know?

Up to 75% of women going through menopause suffer from mood swings.

  • Frequent mood changes
  • Inexplicable emotions
  • Depression
  • Sadness
  • Lack of motivation
  • Extreme moods
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Decreased patience
  • Increased stress
  • Anxiety
  • Nervousness
  • Melancholy

Being aware of these symptoms can help a woman develop a well-rounded perspective of mood swings. Click on the following link to read more about mood swings, or continue reading to learn about the causes of mood swings.

Symptoms of Mood Swings
Mood Drop: Recognizing and Managing Low Mood

It is not uncommon for women to experience occasional blues that go away within a few days and do not cause any disturbances. But sometimes lingering mood drops are triggered by hormonal imbalance or depression. Fortunately, they are ways to bring more stability to your emotional health with exercise, light therapy, or herbal supplements.

7 Symptoms That Often Accompany Mood Swings

Know what symptoms to look out for if you are prone to mood swings. Even if you were able to keep your emotional composure during premenstrual syndrome in the past, you may find it is not as easy during menopause. Find out what you should expect and why it's occurring.

Causes of Mood Swings

Mood Swings - Hormone imbalance affects production of serotonin in the brain

Mood swings during menopause are caused largely by the hormonal transitions women go through during this time. Hormones, such as estrogen, influence the production of serotonin, which is a mood-regulating neurotransmitter.

However, there are other causes of mood swings. Other menopause symptoms - such as hot flashes, night sweats, physical changes, and fatigue - can cause or intensify mood swings, but these symptoms are generally caused by hormonal imbalance as well.

Hormonal causes of mood swings

Medical researchers have found that estrogen plays a major role in the brain's production of serotonin, meaning that estrogen has a hand in mood regulation.

Estrogen's Effects on Serotonin

  • Increases serotonin receptor sensitivity
  • Increases serotonin receptor levels
  • Increases serotonin production

Because perimenopausal hormone imbalances temporarily disrupt serotonin production in the brain, there is an increased chance of mood swings, depression, and other psychological disturbances during menopause.

While hormonal imbalance is thought to be a major underlying cause of mood swings during menopause, experts also point out that mood disturbances may be caused by other menopause symptoms.

Keep reading to find out how other menopause symptoms can affect mood and emotions.

Causes of Mood Swings

Other menopausal causes of mood swings

Menopausal Causes of Mood Swings

  • Night sweats
  • Hot flashes
  • Sleep problems
  • Fatigue

Mood swings can be the result of other menopause symptoms. Women in their 40s and 50s, often stretched already by work and home stresses, suffer from fatigue, sleep problems, hot flashes, and other symptoms that can directly contribute to problems with mood and emotion.

Click on the following link to read more about the causes of mood swings, or continue reading below to find out the risk factors for mood swings.

Sudden Mood Changes: Why My Mood Changes Rapidly

Sudden changes in mood are product of an internal imbalance occurring within women. Whereas, normal mood swings could be caused by external factors, such as stress. Click here to learn more about the difference between both as well as why they occur and when you should start searching for help.

Does Endometriosis Cause Mood Swings?

Mood swings are a very common symptom of menopause, and they actually affect the majority of women at some point in their life. Find out how the pain condition endometriosis might play a role in these bursts of emotion, as well as what exactly is causing the pain.

Risk Factors for Mood Swings

Why are some women more prone to mood swings during menopause? The answer has much to do with a woman's chemistry, her environment, and other factors. In addition to the hormonal causes of mood swings, several psychological, behavioral, and health-related factors can increase the likelihood that a woman will experience mood swings during menopause.

Psychological Factors

  • Past mental illness
  • Stress
  • Past trauma
  • Relationship issues
  • Coping with change

Behavioral Factors

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Poor diet
  • Inadequate exercise
  • Stimulant use

Health Factors

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid disease
  • Early menopause
  • Heart disease
  • Sleep disorders
  • Cancer Lupus

Click on the following link to read more about risk factors for mood swings, or continue below to learn about extreme cases of mood swings and when to see a doctor.

How to Prevent Mood Swings
What Triggers Mood Swings?

It never feels good to be stuck in wave after wave of negativity. You do not want to spend your days distracted by sadness or caught up in anger. This article explores common triggers that prompt mood swings and the best ways to avoid them.

Mood Swings: a Perimenopause Symptom

Perimenopause, the stage before menopause, comes with a variety of troubling symptoms. One of these symptoms, mood swings, are known for being particularly difficult to deal with. However, there are treatments. Learn more about the causes and treatments for mood swings.

Extreme Cases of Mood Swings

While mood swings are normal during menopause, emotional symptoms sometimes indicate a more serious condition. Mood swings that are extreme, last for an extended duration, or put a woman or others at risk of harm warrant professional help. To learn more about when to seek help for mood swings, read on for the symptoms of bipolar disorder, clinical depression, and anxiety.

Bipolar disorder

Mood Swings - Phases of bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive disorder, is a group of mood disorders characterized by the presence of one or more episodes of mania, or abnormally elevated mood, and alternating episodes of depression, or prolonged low moods.


Depression, termed major depressive disorder, is another condition more serious than mood swings for which professional help is often necessary. While many people experience the symptoms of depression at different times in their lives, clinical depression is more than a temporary state or a symptom of menopause.


Clinical Anxiety Disorders

  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Social phobia Panic disorder

Anxiety is another condition more serious than menopause-induced mood swings. Anxiety disorders affect up to 18% of adults in the U.S., making this the most common type of mental illness. Clinical anxiety is a group of disorders and phobias.

Fortunately, help is available for women who experience psychological conditions that are more serious than mood swings. Most women who go through menopause will not develop such symptoms. If you are concerned about mood swings or other symptoms during menopause, it is best to speak with a qualified health professional.

Click on the following link to learn more about the extreme cases of mood swings, or continue reading to find out about the best treatment options available for mood swings.

How Do I Cope with Extreme Mood Swings?

Many menopausal women find themselves dealing with mood swings, some of which can be extreme. Fortunately, there are ways to cope with this symptom, which include changes in diet, exercise, and hydration. This article also helps women identify when they are suffering from extreme mood swings, or if they could be signs of depression.

Mood Swings and Sex Hormones

Are you experiencing mood swings during menopause? These are caused by fluctuations in a group of hormones collectively known as the sex hormones, which includes estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. Click on the following link to learn more about how these three hormones can influence your mood.

Mood Swings Treatments

When exploring treatments for mood swings, it's important to begin with methods that are the least invasive, with the least likelihood of side effects, and progress from there.

This means that lifestyle changes are typically the best place to begin. For instance, sometimes mood swings can be alleviated simply by getting enough sleep and maintaining a healthy diet rich in nutrients.

Finding Relief for Mood Swings

Typically, combining lifestyle changes and alternative medicines produces the best treatment results. Alternative medicines include different herbs and supplements, as well as techniques like massage. When seeking an alternative method, keep in mind that mood swings during menopause are associated with hormonal imbalance. Look for supplements that balance hormonal levels naturally, which will go a long way in treating mood swings at the core of the issue.

Finally, if you are still experiencing mood swings, there are different prescription medications that can be explored. Generally, this final option comes with the most risk and potential side effects.

Click on the following link to learn specific treatments for mood swings, which begin with lifestyle changes, followed by alternative medicines, and finally, if those options don't seem to help, medication. The most effective treatments for mood swings typically combine lifestyle changes and alternative medicines.

Mood Swings Treatments
Angry Mood: What to Do

Many middle aged women suffer from angry moods during menopause, which cause a lot of disturbance in their life. However, many of them find that an optimal treatment for angry moods combines a few different approaches, such as being active, having a brain-healthy diet, practicing mindfulness, or taking mood-enhancing supplements.

Medication for Mood Swings during Menopause

Mood swings are one of the most frequently reported symptoms during menopause. Medications prescribed to treat mood swings include the hormone replacement therapy, as well as less common mood stabilizers and anti-depressants. Each medication regimen has its pros and cons, so choosing the right medication for your needs is essential.

  • Amin, Z. , Canli, T. & Epperson, C.N. (2005). Effects of Estrogen-Serotonin Interactions on Mood and Cognition. Behavorial and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 4(1), 43-58. Retrieved from
  • Love, S. & Lindsey, K. (2003). Dr. Susan Love's Menopause and Hormone Book. New York: Three Rivers Press.
  • Office on Women's Health. (2010). Menopause and mental health. Retrieved April 12, 2016, from
Mood Swings

General articles

Updated on Apr 03, 2017
Why it's Vital to Manage Your Mood Swing Episodes
Understand what you are sacrificing by letting mood swings take over your life. Your health, happiness, and productivity should not be overrun by negative emotions. Understand exactly what it is that you are letting go of and how to refocus on what is important in life.
Updated on Oct 31, 2016
FAQs on Severe Mood Swings
Mood swings come and go abruptly and can have you feeling different emotions throughout the day. More rapid and intense mood swings are considered severe, at which point it is important to know the duration, symptoms, causes, treatment, and when to seek help. Read on to get answers to urgent questions about severe mood swings.
Updated on May 21, 2015
Understanding Menopause: Mood Swings and Irritability
Feeling irrationally irritated over seemingly trivial things? Experiencing mood swings? It's likely that hormonal fluctuations are to blame for your erratic emotional state. While mood alterations are a common menopause symptom, many women are needlessly suffering in silence. Check out this article and take steps to stabilize both your hormones and your mood.
Updated on Oct 27, 2014
What's the Difference between Severe Mood Swings and Depression?
Are you struggling with sudden changes in your mood because of menopause? Depending on the types of changes you're experiencing, these could be mood swings or depression. Click the following link to learn the differences between the two and how to identify what's happening to you.
Updated on Jun 26, 2014
How to Control Hormonal Mood Swings
Mood swings are one of the most common symptoms of menopause, and they can be very difficult to deal with. You may feel extremely happy one moment and truly depressed just a few minutes later. Women should try exercising, getting outside, spending time with loved ones, and practicing meditation to reduce mood swings.