Perimenopause, the stage just before menopause, can be a troubling time. Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels cause a disruption in the ovulation process, which leads to irregular periods and infertility, as well as other symptoms. Below are some ways to handle irregular periods during this transition.
Stress occurs all the time, especially for women during perimenopause. Very high stress levels can cause irregular periods because the body diverts resources away from the menstrual cycle for its survival mechanisms.
There are many things you can do to reduce your stress levels. Taking a walk or meditation can ease stress. If the worry persists, read a book, paint, or spend quality time with loved ones to get your mind off of it.
Exercise is a natural antidote to menstrual irregularities. Hormone levels can be kept in check by regular exercise. Ensuring that you get around 30 – 40 minutes of exercise each day, at least five days a week will prove beneficial during perimenopause.
Yoga, walking, and taking an exercise class (e.g., martial arts, dance, etc.) are great ways to keep moving.
Eat Foods Containing Phytoestrogens
Finding ways to boost estrogen levels is often the most effective method of regulating periods. When estrogen levels are low, the uterine lining cannot be built up effectively. If this happens, implantation cannot occur and the uterine lining doesn't shed normally, causing irregular periods and infertility.
Eating soy products or supplements - such as soy protein, soymilk, and tofu – can boost your estrogen levels, as these products contain phytoestrogens, which are plant compounds that act like estrogen in the human body. Fortunately, these supplements are supplied in most supermarkets. Also, estrogen-promoting fruits are cherries, pomegranates, and dates.
Always Carry Panty Liners
Since your period comes unexpectedly, it's important always have panty liners, pads, or tampons readily available to avoid embarrassing leakage at work or while out.
Talk to Your Loved Ones
Talk to your partner, family, or someone else going through irregular periods and infertility. Talking with other women who've experienced perimenopause or with women who are in a similar life phase as you can help you better understand what you are experiencing. Emotional support is important for health problems.
Understanding the causes of your irregular periods and infertility and with an effort to keep active and stress-free will help balance your hormone levels and avoid irregular periods.