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women going through menopause

Concern about Hot Flashes during Menopause

For many women, hot flashes are an early sign that they are approaching menopause and nearing the end of their reproductive years. Hot flashes can be inconvenient and uncomfortable, but with understanding of their root causes, women can treat them effectively and naturally.

About Hot Flashes and Menopause

Menopausal hot flashes are bursts of intense, quickly-retreating heat that women approaching menopause frequently experience. Around 75 – 85% of American women experience hot flashes during the years preceding and even the years immediately following menopause.

Symptoms of Menopause

Hot flashes may cause the following sensations:

Hot Flashes Concerning Menopause1
  • Flushed skin
  • Sudden feeling of intense heat
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sudden, profuse perspiration
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Chills

Many women also experience night sweats, which are hot flashes that occur during sleep. Night sweats can be characterized by the same symptoms as hot flashes, and many women don't realize that they've experienced one until they wake up suddenly with damp sheets.

Causes of Hot Flashes during Menopause

During the menopause transition, hot flashes are most often due to hormonal causes. However, it is possible that the hot flashes that you are experiencing are not symptomatic of menopause, but of other medical conditions.

Hormonal causes

The root cause of hot flashes is changing hormone levels and hormone imbalances. During menopause, levels of the hormone estrogen rise and fall inexplicably, leading to the variety of changes that take place during this stage.

Low estrogen levels have a huge impact on the hypothalamus, the region of the brain responsible for regulating body temperature. When estrogen levels fall, the hypothalamus reacts by attempting to regulate body temperature in an erratic and extreme way.

Other causes

There are other potential causes of hot flashes that are unrelated to menopause. Women who think they may be at risk for any of the following should consult with their doctors:

Hot Flashes Concerning Menopause2
  • Obesity
  • Infection
  • Certain medication
  • Thyroid disease
  • Hyperhidrosis
  • Panic disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer

Managing Hot Flashes during Menopause

Although they can be troublesome, hot flashes during menopause are relatively easy to manage. Incorporating a few key changes into your daily life can bring much-needed relief by reducing the frequency and intensity of hot flashes.

Temperature regulation

In order to prevent hot flash episodes, women should open windows, turn on a fan or the air conditioning, and drink cool beverages.

Cool clothing

Dressing in cool clothing means wearing fabrics that are light and breathable, instead of tight fabrics that suffocate skin and cause sweating. Dressing in layers can also help.

Lifestyle adjustment and medication

Women who want to take control of their hot flash episodes and any other menopause-induced symptoms have many options for treatment. Categorized into three levels of intensity, these are:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Alternative medicine
  • Medications

More Information

Hot flashes can be uncomfortable and disruptive to your daily schedule. They are typically a result of hormone imbalances during menopause. Targeting hormonal balance as the source of symptoms is the first step toward reducing the frequency and intensity of hot flashes. Explore these options to discover the best treatment plan for you. For more information on hot flashes and how to treat them naturally and effectively, follow the links below.

Can Evening Primrose Oil Relieve Hot Flashes?

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How Long Do Hot Flashes Last?

Want to learn more about hot flashes, their causes and treatments? Read on to find out everything you need to know.

Hot Flashes and Chills

Hot flashes and chills can have a greater impact on daily life. Keep reading to learn more.

  • National Health Service UK. (2015). Hot flushes: how to cope. Retrieved February 22, 2016, from
  • Sikon, A. & Thacker, H. (2004). Treatment for Menopausal Hot Flashes. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, 71(7).
  • Weir, E. (2004). Hot flashes ... in January. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 170(1), 39-40. Retrieved from