All about each symptom of menopause
women going through menopause

6 Types of Depression

Nearly 10% of adults suffer from a depressive disorder in the United States. Depression is defined as a serious mental illness that is persistent and causes overwhelming feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and apathy. Severe depression can interfere with the ability to eat, sleep, and enjoy life, as well as damage personal relationships. There are many different types of depression, and they can range from mild to severe. It is important to have an understanding of the different types of depression, what causes them, and how they can be treated.

6 Types of Depression

Causes

Depression is a mental illness that develops over time, and it can be triggered by a number of factors, like genetics, environmental, and lifestyle. Those who have a family history of depression are more susceptible to developing it. Additionally, those who live an inactive life are also more likely to develop depression.

Depression is twice as common in women as it is in men. Researchers believe this is linked to hormone fluctuations women experience after puberty, specifically during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause.

Symptoms

Depression symptoms can be categorized into physical and emotional. Physical symptoms of depression can include fatigue, insomnia, changes in appetite and weight, body aches, cramps, and headaches. Emotional symptoms consist of thoughts of suicide, irritability, apathy, and feelings of helplessness and worry.

Types

The various forms of depression differ primarily in their severity and when they come about.

1

Major depression

People with major depressive disorders suffer from severe symptoms that can interfere with their ability to eat, sleep, and work. Major depression is a mental health condition, it is more than simply feeling unhappy or fed up for a few days.

2

Persistent depressive disorder

This type is defined as a depression that lasts for at least two years. Individuals with persistent depressive disorder describe their mood as terrible sadness. During persistent depressive disorder, women are suffering from lack of the essential social skills like self-confidence, optimism, and sociability.

3

Psychotic depression

Those with psychotic depression suffer from severe depression symptoms as well as from forms of psychosis, like delusions or hallucinations. Often psychotically depressed people become paranoid or come to believe that their thoughts are not their own.

4

Postpartum depression

Around 10 - 15% of new mothers experience this type of depression after giving birth. This can be due to imbalanced hormone levels and the overwhelming feeling of taking care of someone else.

5

Seasonal affective disorder

This type of depression comes during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. Symptoms usually subside when spring and summer arrive. Some scientists think that certain hormones made deep in the brain trigger attitude-related changes at certain times of year.

6

Bipolar disorder

Depression is one component of this condition, characterized by instable mood changes, often from extreme highs to extreme lows. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe, and can result in damaged relationships, poor job, or school performance, and even suicide.

Depression is a mental illness that develops over time, and can be triggered by hormonal fluctuations and emotional trauma. Depression is a psychological stage that can interfere with your daily life. Symptoms of depression can include anything from fatigue to helplessness. It is important to be aware of the various types of depression in order to recognize them, and seek for professional treatments if you think you are suffering from depression.

Depression and Anxiety during Perimenopause

Anxiety and depression can become serious medical conditions and they widely impact women, including during menopause.

Depression in Postmenopause

Women can become depressed during postmenopause, but this should not be the norm. Click here for five steps to take to combat post menopause depression.

Depression and Anxiety during Menopause

Anxiety and depression impact many menopausal women each year. Click here to read about the causes of these mental health disorders and how to treat them.

Sources:
  • National Institutes of Mental Health. (n.d). What Is Bipolar Disorder? Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml
  • Physic Central. (2007). Psychotic Depression. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/lib/psychotic-depression/0001291
  • Physic Central. (n.d). Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia) Symptoms. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/dysthymic-disorder-symptoms/
  • Internet Mental Health. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealth.com/home/dx/dysthymic.html
  • National Institutes of Health. (2014). Major depression. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000945.htm
  • National Health Service UK. (2014). Treating clinical depression. Retrieved September 12, 2014, from http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Depression/Pages/Treatment.aspx
  • National Institute of Mental Health. (n.d.). What is Depression? Retrieved September 12, 2014, from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml