Many women will experience mood swings at some point, and most women are more susceptible to them during their menstrual cycle. A woman's menstrual cycle is often linked with mood swings. This is because the monthly fluctuations in hormone levels can impact the levels of serotonin in the brain, and the resulting changes influence a woman's emotional stability.
Mood swings are consequently hard to manage because of their unpredictability and variations in severity. However, mood swings can also be linked with other factors, such as lifestyle habits. In particular, stressful circumstances of activities can precipitate mood swings, and other symptoms of PMS or menopause can also impact mood.
Understanding Menstrual Cycle and Mood Swings
Mood swings are drastic and sudden changes in a person's emotional state. These changes in emotions and temperament can at times happen without any justifiable reason, or they may be a disproportionate reaction to certain situations that are insignificant. Oftentimes, women may not understand why they are sad or angry or how to react while experiencing a sudden shift in mood. Many factors can interfere with a woman's emotional well-being, but it's worth acknowledging different triggers to better understand how to deal with menstrual cycle changes and mood swings.
What Causes Mood Swings?
It is generally accepted that physical causes are mainly responsible for mood swings, particularly in relation to menstruation. The monthly cycle is the physical trigger that offsets the hormonal reaction often responsible for the emotional upset of mood swings in many women. Shortly before bleeding begins, a drop in estrogen and progesterone levels can affect the regulation of the brain's neurotransmitters, resulting in mood swing episodes.
In addition, certain pre-exiting conditions like lupus, as well as sleeping problems such as insomnia and sleep apnea, can lead to mood swings. Likewise, daily stress and fatigue can cause emotional instability. Mood swing causes can also include external factors like alcohol, caffeine, and other stimulants, such as sugar.
How to Treat Mood Swings
Although medication is occasionally prescribed to deal with severe emotional difficulties – including depression, anxiety, and mood swings – it is generally a last resort. Birth control pills can reduce mood swings and other symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in some women, though not all, so each situation must be evaluated by a doctor. Other forms of treatment include herbal remedies to uplift mood or alleviate PMS symptoms overall. Click on one of the links below to learn more about the treatments for menstrual cycle changes and mood swings.
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