What Are Long Menstrual Cycles?
Women typically have their own period pattern throughout their reproductive years, yet no-one is completely regular within their menstrual cycle. Periods can vary in regularity from 21 to 35 days, but they are classed as regular if they occur at roughly the same date each month. After a certain age, the frequency between periods starts to fluctuate considerably, making them extremely difficult to keep track of.
Long menstrual cycles are also irregular periods. This means that women do not properly develop and release a mature egg every month as they should do. There are different types of long menstrual cycles affecting women:
Amenorrhea. Absence of periods for more than 60 days. Usually occurs during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Menorrhagia. An abnormally heavy and prolonged menstrual period. It may be associated with unusually painful periods (dysmenorrhoea).
What Cause Long Menstrual Cycles?
The causes of long menstrual cycles can be divided into two groups; psychological and physical. Psychological factors aren't as common and therefore physical causes are generally believed to be responsible for triggering long menstrual cycles.
Psychological causes for menstrual disorders. Anxiety and other forms of emotional daily stress, over-exertion, and fatigue can cause
menstrual disorders. If these factors are not properly controlled, they could make a woman emotionally unstable.
Physical causes for menstrual disorders. As women age, their bodies start to reduce hormone production, which can lead to levels of the menstrual hormones, estrogen and progesterone, to become imbalanced. This state of imbalance is a well-known cause of irregular periods, particularly long menstrual cycles.
What Can I Do about Long Menstrual Cycles?
The most important thing to do for combating long menstrual cycles is to establish whether your problem is caused by psychological or physical factors.
Psychological factors like anxiety, stress, and fatigue can cause long menstrual cycles. Although women often have busy and stressful lives, it's important to make time to relax. Keep in mind that with most cases of long menstrual cycles, a combination of psychological and physical treatment is the best option.
Physical factors like hormonal imbalance can trigger long menstrual cycles. If left untreated, hormonal imbalance involving estrogen and progesterone can lead to severe symptoms. There are several ways to manage long menstrual cycles, but the most effective way is by combining therapies such as lifestyle approaches and alternative medicine.