Early Menopause Risks and Side Effects
When young women are diagnosed with early menopause, often the question that emerges is: How will it affect my life?
For them, besides the emotional impact, many changes await. In order to understand the risks ahead of them, women need to be informed of the process they might be already entering. Early menopause is, in short, the unpredictable fluctuations of hormones, producing uncomfortable changes in women's bodies at an unexpected age, such as in their 20s or 30s.
During early menopause, levels of the hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone drop, and the chances of infertility increase. Treatment options like IVF (in vitro fertilization) and FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) are available to increase a woman's chance of becoming pregnant, and are most effective in women under the age of 40.
Women experiencing early menopause have decreased estrogen levels. Hormone therapy can effectively treat early menopause symptoms, but carries risks and may cause cancer. Alternatively, lifestyle changes, stress relievers, vaginal moisturizers and lubricants, vitamins and prescription medication, are also available as treatment options for early menopause symptoms.
Early Menopause and Infertility
This is probably the most shocking and negative aspect of premature or early menopause. Some women are diagnosed with early menopause at a very young age (some even in their 20s), and many complain about having to make family planning decisions when they are not prepared. Even worse, they find themselves without the possibility of having children suddenly. This risk of being infertile at a very young age has physical and emotional consequences that need to be considered.
Although 6-8% of women with premature ovarian failure have conceived, the truth is that the risk of early miscarriage is high, which is why women in the risk group of early menopause should take fertility tests to determine their chances of conceiving. If natural conception is not possible, egg donations could be a viable choice for many women.
As can be seen in the chart above, early menopause has many and serious risks and side effects. To take control, first women need to be informed about what is happening to them and all the different possibilities available to them for relief. To get more information about the different approaches to face early menopause, please follow the link to the section of early menopause treatments.