Depression is a common yet potentially serious symptom of menopause. It entails more than the occasional bout of sadness and, if not treated, can lead to more severe mental disorders and a lessened quality of life.
Women are especially susceptible to depression and when approaching menopause are even more so. Women ages 45 to 55 are four times more likely to have depression than women who have not yet reached that stage in life.
The main reason women, especially menopausal women, are more likely to suffer from depression is because of their hormonal imbalance. Continue reading to learn all about depression, its signs and symptoms, causes, and treatment options.
The general use of the term depression refers to a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy, feelings of sadness, and a despondent lack of activity.
But because depression is a clinical mental disorder, it's important to distinguish feelings of sadness and despondency from clinical depression.
Clinical depression is more severe than brief periods of sadness. It is a serious mental illness characterized by more than two weeks of extremely low moods that affect how a person feels, thinks, and acts.
Types of depression
There are six main types of depression. Some are more related to menopause than others. The following are categories of depression closely linked to menopause:
Major depression. Lasts for more than two weeks and is characterized by intense feelings of sadness, loss of interest in normal activities, withdrawal from friends and family, and negative thoughts.
Untreated depression can lead to a greater risk of heart attacks and osteoporosis.
Dysthymic disorder. Less intense than major depression, but often lasts for longer, normally for two years or more.
Adjustment disorder. Often brought on by a stressful event or situation. It can be acute (lasting less than six months) or chronic (lasting longer).
Risk Factors for Depression:
• History of depression
• Smoking or quitting smoking
• Drug and alcohol use
• Surgical/medical menopause
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD). A type of depression that is triggered by the seasons and most commonly caused by a lack of sunlight in the winter months.
Other types of depression less associated with menopause, but just as severe, include the following:
Manic depression or bipolar disorder. A brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to function. Symptoms can be very severe.
Psychotic depression. Includes some features of psychosis, such as hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren't there) or delusions (irrational thoughts and fears).
Click on the following link to read more about depression, or continue reading below to learn about the signs and symptoms of depression.
Find out what depression in women is, and how this may be linked with menopause. Find information on the different types of depression in women and their differing levels of severity. Major depression is characterized by feelings of severe sadness, whereas dysthysmic disorder may be less serious. Treatment methods vary and include hormone replacement therapy.
Exercise can have a positive effect on mental health. This is important when managing problems such as depression during menopause. Learn the reasons why such spinning classes may be beneficial in combating depression during menopause, such as improving fitness, raising energy levels, and promoting healthy sleep.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
Because depression is a mental disorder, it's important to pinpoint the symptoms associated with it. The symptoms can be separated into three categories: physical, emotional, and behavioral symptoms. In order for depression to be diagnosed, at least five symptoms must be present for no less than two weeks, and at least one of those five must either be persistent feeling of sadness or loss of interest or pleasure. Here are the other signs and symptoms:
• Decreased energy
• Appetite loss
• Early-morning wakefulness
• Excessive sleeping
• Persistent aches or pains
• Headaches, cramps or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment
• Persistent sad, anxious or "empty" feelings
• Feelings of hopelessness and/or pessimism
• Feelings of guilt, worthlessness and/or helplessness
• Thoughts of suicide/suicide attempts
• Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex
• Difficulty concentrating
• Difficulty remembering details
• Difficulty making decisions
• Neglecting responsibilities
• Failing to attend to one's physical appearance
Click on the following link to read more about the signs and symptoms of depression, or continue reading below to learn about the possible causes of depression.
Depression affects many women as a result of a hormonal imbalance which occurs during this time. Find information on what causes depression, as well as ways in which this, and other symptoms may be alleviated. Tips include practicing a calming technique such as yoga, and staying connected with friends, family, and your community.
There is an increased chance of a woman suffering from depression during menopause, as a result of the hormonal imbalances occurring during this stage. Find information on the two causes of menopause depression, and treatment options for both. A combination of lifestyle changes and alternative medicine is recommended.
Causes of Depression
The underlying cause of depression in menopausal women has to do with hormonal imbalance, especially decreased levels of estrogen. As women approach menopause, their estrogen levels begin to drop off. This hormone plays a big part in regulating brain functions, especially chemicals that influence mood, such as serotonin and cortisol. Decreasing levels of estrogen during menopause can also cause other physical and mental symptoms, such as hot flashes and anxiety, which can lead to depression.
Other causes include biochemical, genetic, personality, environmental factors and disease.
Click on the following link to learn more about the causes of depression, or continue reading to find out about all the different treatment options for depression.
Suffering from a loss of libido during menopause is a common symptom that many women experience. There has been found to be a link between loss of libido and depression. This article explains the link between the two, and how they can be treated, including counseling and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Treatments for Depression
Although depression can make a woman feel hopeless, a variety of treatment options exist that can help wash away her depression and keep her hope alive. It is generally recommended that women begin with the least invasive option, which would be lifestyle changes. In the case of depression, this involves steps such as making sure to get regular exercise, eating healthy, and practicing mind-body techniques such as meditation or yoga.
By simply including three 30 minute-long sessions of physical activity such as walking, jogging, swimming, and cycling into a weekly routine a woman can greatly relieve her milder symptoms of depression.
Similarly, eating healthily will also help to stabilize mood swings and alleviate depression. Lifestyle changes are an important first step to tackling depression, but there are other treatment options available if a woman were to feel that she needs further help in regaining a positive outlook on life.
The most effective approach, as depression in menopausal women is primarily caused by a hormonal imbalance, is to treat the problem directly at the hormonal source. A variety of natural and alternative supplements exist that may be able to address this imbalance.
For more prolonged or severe cases of depression, it may be necessary to seek the advice of a healthcare professional and possibly seek pharmaceutical options, though these carry the most risk of undesirable side effects.
Click on the following link to read more specifics about each of the treatments for depression in order to learn how to alleviate this symptom in a safe and effective way.
Exercising regularly is important during menopause and may be a benefit for a woman suffering from depression. One exercise is horse riding: find information on how this exercise can help ease depression and other menopause symptoms. Benefits include alleviating loneliness, improving concentration, and exercising muscles.
Find out the reasons for menopausal depression as well as the symptoms. These may include consistently low mood, low energy levels, and feelings of worthlessness. Find information on supplements to ease menopausal depression: many women favor these over prescription medications, as there are less side effects.
- Boyles, Salynn, and Dr. Louise Change. "Nearing Menopause? Depression a Risk". WebMD. www.webmd.com
- "Clinical Depression". University Health Services. www.uhs.berkeley.edu
- "Women and Depression: Menopause". University of Michigan Depression Center. www.med.umich.edu.
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