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Did You Know?

Bloating can be one of the unfortunate side effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT).

One of the most unpopular yet nevertheless frequently experienced symptoms of menopause is bloating. This is closely related to an increase in intestinal gas and fluid retention caused by fluctuating hormones, and may also be associated with weight gain. A symptom commonly associated with the menstrual cycle, women who have dealt with bloating in the past as it occurs with PMS will most likely recognize the symptom as a part of menopause.

Read on to learn more about bloating, along with its causes and treatment options in order to reduce this most bothersome of symptoms.

About Bloating


Bloating is defined as a feeling of fullness or tightness in the abdominal area that can lead to a certain degree of discomfort or even pain. It is mainly experienced during the menopausal transition as a result of either water retention, increased intestinal gas, or a combination of both.

The duration and intensity will vary from woman to woman, with some women experiencing bloating for a few days and then not again for a year, or possibly for several months at a time. A woman can wake up with a flat stomach and then have her stomach distend progressively throughout the day, or the bloating may appear within amatter of minutes and be aggravated by eating.

Symptoms of bloating

Symptoms of bloating

As bloating can vary in duration and intensity, so too can the symptoms vary in between menopausal women. The following image shows which are the most commonly experienced symptoms of bloating.

It is important to understand why bloating happens so frequently among women of menopausal age in order to gain a handle of this uncomfortably familiar symptom. Keep reading to learn more about the causes of bloating.

5 Best Tips for Relieving Bloating

Bloating can be uncomfortable and is caused by an interplay of hormonal and lifestyle factors. Although it can be problematic, it is not difficult to remedy, and this article outlines the 5 best tips to relieve bloating, which can be easily implemented into your life.

5 Daily Habits to get Rid of Bloating and Wind

Suffering from bloating and wind can be something that many women have to deal with throughout their lives. Fortunately, there are things you can do to reduce symptoms. This article describes five daily habits which can help you get rid of excess bloating and wind.

Causes of Bloating

Hormonal causes

While bloating can occur as a result of such factors as diet or stress, the most likely cause for menopausal women is a fluctuation in hormones, particularly estrogen. Estrogen is important for a couple of reasons. First of all, it has an effect on the retention of water that occurs naturally as part of a woman's menstrual cycle. Women tend to retain more in the days leading up to menstruation as a result of the rising estrogen levels. When estrogen levels become erratic during perimenopause, so does the incidence of water retention, leading to bloating.

Causes of bloating

In addition, estrogen influences the production of bile, a substance produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder that aids in digestion. Bile acts as a lubricant in the intestines. When estrogen levels decrease as a result of menopause, this in turn leads to a decrease in bile production. Stools in the small intestine can become dry, hard, and accumulate due to the lack of lubrication, leading to the sensation of constipation and bloating.

Not including the important role of estrogen in the phenomenon of bloating, there are other causes that will often have a hand in this.

Other causes

Aside from water retention and decreased bile production, the other most common cause of bloating is the prominence of intestinal gas. Anywhere from 30-60% of menopausal women report an increase in gas during this time period, leading researchers to believe that hormonal fluctuations also play a role in the production of gas.

Common foods that cause bloating and gas

Intestinal gas can also be caused by changes in diet, irritable bowel syndrome, swallowing air, carbonated beverages, or lactose intolerance.

Other factors that less commonly induce bloating in women include: abdominal surgery, obesity, weakened abdominal muscles due to pregnancy, or other, more rare, medical conditions including gallstones, diabetes, or kidney disease.

To learn more about the treatment options available to triumph over bloating, read below.

Tips to Avoid Bloating during Menopause

Bloating is a common symptom of the menopausal transition. It can be caused by a number of things, including excess water retention, high salt intake, stress, and dietary choices. Click on the following link to learn more about the causes and ways to treat bloating during menopause.

Dietary Tips to Beat Bloating

To help alleviate bloating during menopause, women should increase their consumption of certain foods like asparagus, yogurt, pineapple, and celery because they help remove excess water and waste from the body. Also, is necessary to avoid caffeine, cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower, salty foods, and all fast food.

Treatment for Bloating

Did You Know?

Bananas, grapes, eggs, rice, peanut butter, fruit juices or herbal teas, yogurt and hard cheese all have been shown to reduce gas and fight bloating.

Happily, bloating is not a symptom that needs to be permanent. There are ways to both manage and defeat it, in different stages. It is generally recommended that women begin with the least invasive option, which would be lifestyle changes. Particularly if the bloating is caused by excessive intestinal gas, some dietary changes can be extremely beneficial. Cutting out dairy products, sodium, and trigger foods such as onions, beans, and sugary snacks can have an impact on the incidence of bloating. Stress reduction techniques such as yoga or meditation can also help.

Many foods can be useful to eliminate the excess of water and intestinal gas, apart to improve health

Lifestyle changes can be difficult to implement all at once for a busy woman, however. The most effective approach, as bloating in menopausal women is primarily caused by fluctuating levels of estrogen, is to treat the problem directly at the hormonal source. A variety of natural and alternative remedies exist that are able to address this imbalance. Most of the time this is the safest, easiest, and most effective way to fight bloating.

In a drastic case of bloating becoming prolonged or painful, or if a woman is experiencing other disturbing symptoms, it may be necessary to seek the advice of a healthcare professional. While there are surgical or pharmaceutical options to curb bloating, these are more serious, may involve side effects, and thus should only be used in severe cases.

Most experts recommend that women who suffer from bloating and wish to treat it begin with lifestyle changes, then move onto alternative medicine (ideally combining the two) and finally, look to medications if nothing else seems to work. Click on the following link to learn specific treatments for bloating in these three categories.

4 Home Remedies for Bloating

At one point or another, every woman will experience bloating in her lifetime, whether it be from being unaware of food intolerances, PMS, or digestion issues. Bottom line – bloating is common, and you aren't facing the struggle alone. Try incorporating these four home remedies daily, and you will revel in their magic.

5 Steps to Alleviate Constipation and Bloating

Constipation and bloating can be painful and last a long time. It is crucial to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle in order to prevent these symptoms from disrupting your daily routine. If you do experience constipation and bloating, drinking warm water with lemon can help relieve pain and bloating.

  • Hutchinson, Susan M.D. “The Stages of a Woman's Life: Menstruation, Pregnancy, Nursing, Perimenopause, Menopause”. November 2007.
  • Love, Susan M.D. Menopause and Hormone Book. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2003.
  • BMJ Group. “Menopause: What is it?” Patient Leaflet. 2007.
Updated on October 14th, 2015
3 Hidden Causes of Bloating and Nausea
Bloating and nausea are normally symptomatic of certain lifestyle habits or allergies, and there are so many different possible factors, it can be hard to know exactly what is causing it. This article lists some of the hidden and less obvious causes of bloating and nausea.
Updated on September 4th, 2015
A Weekly Plan to Stop Bloating
Bloating can be caused by all sorts of factors and it is often difficult to figure out the cause or issue behind it. There are many options to try and help reduce bloating though, from foods to eat and those to avoid as well as checking for allergies or intolerances. Read our weekly plan to find out more.
Updated on June 4th, 2015
8 Natural Ways to Treat Bloating and Cramps
Bloating and cramps can be very painful and debilitating. They are typically caused by certain foods or premenstrual syndrome and are a result of trapped gas in the stomach and intestines. Exercising, peppermint tea, and applying heating pads to the cramping area are natural ways to treat bloating and cramps.